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20. Rome Reborn: The Carolingian and Ottonian Revivals of Antiquity

(References to illustrations in Gardner appear in brackets after each work of art or building (E.g. G 1-2 = Chapter 1, fig. 2).
Objects marked with an asterisk (*) are not in the textbook and will be available only on the website.)

Carolingian Art

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*Coin of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor (obverse), silver, Aachen, 804
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*Coin of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor (reverse), silver, Aachen, 804
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Gatehouse of Lorsch Abbey, Germany, 774 (G 11-19A)
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Plan of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, Odo of Metz (architect), 792-805 (G 11-17)
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*Cross-section of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, Odo of Metz (architect), 792-805
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Odo of Metz (architect), interior view of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, 792-805 (G 11-18)
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Compare: San Vitale, Ravenna, 526-47 (G 9-6)
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*Model of the Abbey of St. Gall, Switzerland, ca. 819
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Plan of the Abbey of St. Gall, Switzerland, ca. 819 (G 11-19)
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Coronation Gospels of Charlemagne, fol. 15r: St. Matthew, from Aachen, tempera on vellum, ca. 800-810 (G 11-13)
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Ebbo Gospels, fol. 18r: St. Matthew, from Hautviller (near Reims), France, tempera on vellum, ca. 816-840 (G 11-14)
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Utrecht Psalter, fol. 25r: Illustration of Psalm 44, from Hautviller (near Reims), France, tempera on vellum, ca. 820-35 (G 11-15)

Ottonian Art

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Gospel Book of Otto III, fol. 24r: Otto III Enthroned between bishops and soldiers, 997-1000 (G 11-29)
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Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1010-31 (G 11-22)
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Interior of the Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1010-31 (G 11-23A)
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Plan of the Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1010-31 (G 11-23)
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Longitudinal section of the Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1010-31 (G 11-23)
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Bronze doors with Genesis narrative (left) and Life of Christ (right), Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, 1015 (G 11-24)
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God accusing Adam and Eve, left door of the Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, bronze, 1015, (G 11-25)
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Column with scenes from the life of Christ, Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, bronze, 1015-1022 (G 11-24A)
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Compare: Trajan's Column, ca. 106-113 CE (G 7-42)
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Gero Crucifix, painted and gilded wood, Cologne, ca. 970 (G 11-28)
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*Golden Madonna of Essen, Essen Cathedral Treasury, gold foil over wooden core with enamel eyes, ca. 970

Terms

  • Saint Benedict of Nursia (480-550): Benedictine Rule
  • monasticism
  • monastery
  • cloister
  • crypt
  • Westwerck
  • Laudes Regiae
  • typological interpretation

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